TI-PA-HAA-KAA-NING GOLD PROPERTY
The TPK gold/ silver/ copper property is a unique exploration project located in northwestern Ontario located just 150 km due west of the “Ring of Fire”. Within this large property (30 km by 20 km) there exists 2 large and independent mineral systems: 1) a gold- bearing shear system (at least 24 km long) extending from which is thought to be the second largest gold grain- in- till dispersal apron in North America; and 2) a newly discovered greenstone belt, from which mineralized boulders were glacially dispersed, assaying as high as 727 g/ t gold, 111 g/t silver and 4.05% copper.8
The TPK property is 100% Northern Superior Resources Inc.
- Northern Superior and Neskantaga First Nation sign an historic Early Economic Benefits Agreement 5
- What is thought to be the second largest gold grain-in-till dispersal apron in North America defined: “gold grain anomalies of this scale are an amalgamated response from a cluster of gold zones which normally indicate a large gold district rather than a single zone” 7
- Reverse circulation (RC) drilling define 8 distinct core drill targets
- Subsequent core drilling at Target 1 intersects 25.9 g/t gold over 13.5 m, a target considered one of the least important targets of the 8 defined 6
- The most important targets associated with this system on the property have never been drilled
- Discovery of a new greenstone belt, a system separate from the one associated with the gold grain-in-till anomaly
- Boulders associated with this new greenstone belt return assay values as high as 727 g/t gold, 111 g/t silver and 4.05% copper 4
The TPK property is located approximately 470 km northeast of Thunder Bay, Ontario, and 190 km northeast of Pickle Lake (Figure 1). The Property is located within the traditional area of the First Nations community of Neskantaga, located about 30 km southwest of the Property, on the southwest shore of Attawapiskat Lake.
The Property is 30 km east to west, centered at approximately latitude 52°28’N and longitude 87° 55’W crossing the boundary between NTS areas 43D05/12 and 53A08/09. Consisting of 190 mining claims comprised of 2,506 units totalling 42,719 hectares (Figure 2), the property is 100 % owned and operated by Northern Superior Resources Inc.
Historically, the property has been subdivided into three components to more adequately administer this large property, within which exists two separate and important mineralized systems: TPK, New Growth and New Growth Annex (Figure 2). Currently, all three components are now simply referred to collectively as “TPK”.
The TPK property is in a structurally favourable geological setting where the Archean- aged Bartman Lake Greenstone Belt lies adjacent to a major bend in the regional scale Stull- Wunnummin Fault (Figure 3). The Property has been intruded by the 15 km long Freure Lake Batholith. A gold grain- in- till anomaly extends southwest from the southern edge of the batholith, suggesting that the associated bend in the Stull- Wunnummin Fault propagated a series of gold- bearing splay shears, concentrated along the southern margin of the structurally resistant buttress formed by the batholith. This metallogenic model is an analogous to that for the Malartic- Val d’Or gold district in Québec, where gold deposits are controlled by splay shears related to a major bend in the Larder Lake- Cadillac Fault and are hosted by the synvolcanic Bourlamaque Batholith and several smaller granitoid and porphyry stocks.
Eastern Area of the Property:
There are only three known gold grain- in- till anomalies similar to the TPK target area in Canada. Two of these anomalies, at Meadowbank and Meliadine in Nunavut (Agnico-Eagle Mines Limited), are in areas of thin till cover and were identified by surface sampling techniques similar to those used by Northern Superior Resources to define the TPK anomaly (Figure 4). The third gold grain-in-till dispersal anomaly is in an area of thicker till cover on New Gold’s Richardson Township property, Rainy River district of Ontario, and was defined by RC drilling. Each anomaly cited was later defined to represent an amalgamated anomaly reflecting gold grain dispersal from a cluster of gold zones, most of which are either being mined or have significant gold resources, underlining the potential importance of the TPK anomaly.
Western Area of the Property:
The extension of the eastern gold- bearing shear zone onto the western part of the property was identified through Northern Superior’s exploration programs (Figure 4). Specific gold targets associated with this shear zone were also defined. Definition of these gold exploration targets is based on dispersal of anomalous gold grain and arsenic values recovered from locally- derived tills, associated with zones of structural dislocations and right-hand extensional bends as interpreted from the Company’s proprietary airborne geophysics. This area of the property also has the potential to also host copper and silver, as indicated by a 30+ cm wide bornite- chalcopyrite bearing quartz vein hosted in locally derived, moderately to strongly sheared monzonite boulder, with dimensions approximately 2.0 m x 1.5 m x 1.5 m. This quartz vein returned values of 12.60 g/t gold, 111 g/t silver, and 4.05 % copper (Photo 2).
Northern Area of the Property:
The source of gold grains composing the Keely Lake gold grain- in- till dispersal corridor are likely derived from a greenstone belt discovered by Northern Superior in 2011, the northern part of the property (Figure 5). The abundance of pristine and total gold grains increases with proximity to the belt. Gold grain- in- till values are as high as 1,302 gold grains, 1,295 of which are pristine. The Keely Lake gold grain- in- till dispersal corridor has a minimum width of 3.5 km and a minimum length of 10 km.
Prospecting on the greenstone belt recovered 100 sheared and/or mineralized boulders and outcrop samples of which 83 were anomalous in gold (>0.005 g/t Au): including 24 samples with values between 0.1 and 1.0 g/t gold and 9 samples over 1g/t gold. Sample L754014 (727 g/t Au, 48.2 g/t silver (Ag) contained visible gold observed in a quartz vein, the visible gold grains up to 2 mm diameter. Sample L754025 (133 g/t Au, 4.9 g/t Ag) was recovered from a boulder 40 m east of the boulder containing visible gold (L754014), and is of the same lithology, is tabular, measuring approximately 2.0 m x 1.0 m. The greenstone belt, consisting of a mafic volcanic unit, appears to be transected by a southwest trending, left- handed wrench fault. This fault and associated bedding- parallel shear zones splaying from it, likely provided extensional pressure gradients that permitted access through the crust for gold- bearing hydrothermal fluids at the time of deformation.
Each of the three exploration areas have targets that can be core- drilled. However, to maximize the opportunity for success, Northern Superior is recommending one final phase of reverse- circulation drilling for each area.
Eastern Area of the Property:
Eight targets have been identified from multiple phases of surficial till sampling and prospecting, and two phases of RC drilling2,8. Three high density RC drill grids (approximately 100 m centred, totaling 200 holes) are proposed over first priority targets 2, 4, 5, 6, and 8, situated along a 400 to 500 m wide splay shear developed within, and along the margins of, the Contact Stock (leucogranite) and the Freure Lake Batholith (quartz monzonite).
Western Area of the Property:
A 136 hole RC drill program is proposed, focusing on two primary targets within this target area: 1) the Keely Lake gold grain- in- till dispersal corridor (“Keely Lake Grid”); and 2) the Spero Lake Structural Corridor (SLSC) (“Spero Lake Grid”)8.
Northern Area of the Property:
In order to further define the source(s) of the gold grains and the gold, silver, and copper- bearing boulders recovered within the Keely Lake gold grain- in- till dispersal corridor, Northern Superior is recommending a 174 hole, 300 m collar- centred reverse circulation drill program and a detailed prospecting and bedrock mapping program.8
(1) Hart, T.R. and Boucher, D.R. 2010. Technical Report on the Ti-pa-haa-kaa-ing Property, Lansdowne House, Northwest Ontario., 3-101F Technical Report for Northern Superior Resources Inc. xx p.
(2) Morris, T.F. 2013a. The Ti-pa-haa-kaa-ning (TPK) gold grain dispersal apron, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Application of Indicator Methods to Mineral Exploration, Short Course SC07, 26th International Applied Geochemistry Symposium, p. 21- 30.
(3) Morris, T.F. 2013b. The Ti-pa-haa-kaa-ning (TPK) gold grain dispersal apron, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Application of Indicator Methods to Mineral Exploration, Short Course SC07, 26th International Applied Geochemistry Symposium, Power Point Presentation, 32 slides.
(4) Northern Superior Resources Inc. 2011. Northern Superior Resources Inc. reports sample from mineralized boulder returns 12.60 g/t gold, 11 g/t silver, 4.05% copper, New Growth Property, Northwestern Ontario. Northern Superior Press Release, 3 p.
(5) Northern Superior Resources Inc., 2008. Northern Superior, Neskantaga First Nation sign historic early economic benefits agreement for the Ti-pa-haa-kaa-ning gold project. Northern Superior Resources Press Release, 2 p.
(6) Northern Superior Resources Inc. and Rainy River Resources Ltd., 2010. Northern Superior Resources Inc. signs Option/ Joint Venture Agreement with Rainy River Resources Ltd. Respecting Ti-pa-haa-kaa-ning gold property. Northern Superior Resources Press Release, 4 p.
(7) Northern Superior Resources Inc. and rainy River Resources Ltd., 2010. Rainy River and Northern Superior discover gold at Ti-pa-haa-kaa-ning (“TPK”) project 25.9 g/t Au over 13.5 metres in TPK-10-004. Northern Superior Press Release, 4 p.
(8) Parsons, S., 2013. Technical compilation and Recommended Exploration Report for the Ti-pa-haa-kaa-ning Property, Landsowne House, Northwest Ontario [NTS 43D05, 12/ 53A08, 09]; Internal document prepared for Northern Superior Resources, 460 p.